The Pepper Group

3865 E Via Del Verdemar Tucson, AZ 85718

(520) 977-0003
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Tucson, Arizona

Tucson has been continuously settled for over 12,000 years. It celebrates a diversity of cultures, architecture, and peoples. Yet, it is one of the "Mega-Trend" cities of the 21st Century: the Optics Valley, premier health services center for the Southwest, the astronomy center of the world, home of a premier research institution - University of Arizona, and a tourism destination.

Tucson is one of the oldest towns in the United States. Tucson was orginally an Indian village called Stook-zone, meaning water at the foot of black mountain. Hugo O'Conor established the Tucson Presidio in 1775. August 20th, 1775 is considered Tucson's birthday. Spanish settlers arrived in the area in 1776. Tucson officially became part of the United States with the Gadsden Purchase of 1854. Tucson served as capital of the Arizona Territory from 1867 to 1877.

Tucson boasts the best of both worlds...the progress and innovation of a metropolitan community and the friendly, caring atmosphere of a small town. Tucson's rich cultural heritage centers around a unique blend of Native American, Spanish, Mexican and Anglo-American influences. Blessed with the natural beauty of the Sonoran Desert and an unsurpassed climate of 360 sunny days a year, Tucsonans embrace a rare lifestyle and are committed to preserving that quality of life.

Tucson's climate varies from the 2400 foot desert basin to the 9100 foot forests of the Santa Catalina mountains. The City's dry desert air and winter sunshine make it a popular health and winter resort. The City is home to the University of Arizona and Davis-Monthan Air Force Base. The City's industries include electronics and missile production. Tucson is the seat of Pima County and has a Council-Manager form of government.

The Tucson metropolitan area supports over 850,000 residents. Today, Tucson is one of the fastest growing urban areas in the United States. The metropolitan area population continues to grow by nearly 2,000 new residents each month. With this growth, the community is retaining the rich charm which earned it the nickname, "The Old Pueblo."

Aside from Tucson's business advantages, the city's location and climate make it the home of many first-class destination resorts and the center of a substantial film and television industry. It is also the host city for the World Champion Arizona Diamondbacks, the Colorado Rockies and the Chicago White Sox spring training activities, the Triple-A baseball club Tucson Sidewinders, nationally televised PAC-10 intercollegiate sports, men's and women's golf tournaments, bowling tournaments and the world-famous Tucson rodeo, La Fiesta de los Vaqueros.

Through the Arts District, the Arizona Theatre Company, the Tucson Symphony Society, the Arizona Opera Company, the Tucson Jazz Society and various productions at the Tucson Convention Center, Pima Community College Center for the Arts and The University of Arizona's Centennial Hall, Tucsonans have a year-round menu of cultural activities. The world-famous Arizona Sonora Desert Museum, the Old Tucson movie location and studio, Biosphere II, the Arizona State Museum, the Center of Creative Photography, the Arizona Historical Society Museum, the University of Arizona and Tucson Museum of Art, the Berger Performing Arts Center at the Arizona School for the Deaf and Blind and other attractions add to the mix.

The Tucson area's five mountain ranges offer winter skiing within an hour's drive. Hiking, swimming, cycling, hunting, fishing, bird-watching and camping are also available in those mountains and in nearby national, state, county and city parks.

Since it costs less to enjoy the quality of life and raise a family in Tucson, the city is highly affordable. Tucson's new housing starts consistently rank high nationally, and prices are generally less than in many other major metropolitan areas.

Affordable housing, low utility rates and taxes, and low crime rates add to Tucson's position on the future's frontier. The city's business climate is matched only by its weather, desirable lifestyle and legendary hospitality.


Pima County, within which Tucson is located, was the nation's 68th largest county in 1990, 53rd largest in 2000, and 47th largest in 2004. From 1990 to 2000, the County ranked 27th greatest in absolute change. Only 11 counties larger in population grew more rapidly from 2001 to 2002. Of the 100 largest counties, Pima was twenty-first most rapidly growing from 2001 to 2002, at 2.06%. In 1990, Pima County had a population of 666,880. Based on Census 2000, the April 1, 2000 population was 843,746. The March 2005 estimate is 950,815. Tucson was the 45th largest U.S. city in 1980, 34th largest in 1990, and 30th largest in 2000. Tucson currently covers 226.552 square miles.

1970 351,666
1980 531,433
1985 611,471
1990 666,880
1995 751,311
2000 836,746
2005 955,815
2010 1,060,581 PROJECTED
2015 1,174,900 PROJECTED

Tucson grew 20% in population and 24% in area from 1990 to 2000. Of the 243 U.S. cities with populations over 100,000, Tucson's growth was 71st greatest in percent change, and 23rd greatest in absolute change from 1990 to 2000. Only 6 cities larger than Tucson grew at a more rapid rate from 2000 to 2002; nine cities larger than Tucson lost population during the same time period. The Tucson Metropolitan Area was 58th largest in 2000, and only 10 larger metro areas grew faster. Much of the growth over the next 20 years will be driven by working age people moving here for employment opportunities.

To take an interesting trip down Tucson's memory lane visit:

Cost of Living

The Sunbelt is the fastest growing region of the United States, and for good reason. Few places can compare to Tucson's natural beauty. Set in the Sonoran Desert, the city's air is amazingly pure, there's little snow and rain, and it rarely gets too cold. To top it off, Tucson gets 287 days of sunshine a year. It's no surprise that this warm, sunny city has many spas, resorts and golf courses. The economy is also excellent in Tucson, with very low health care costs and a low unemployment rate. For those looking to start a family, houses can be quite affordable in Tucson.

Average is 100
Tucson, AZ 91.1
Albuquerque, NM 104.9
Dallas, TX 104.9
Austin, TX 106.1
Denver, CO 107.8
Portland, OR 108.5
Las Vegas, NV 109.3
Chicago, IL 121.6
Los Angeles, CA 125.2
San Diego, CA 127.5
Boston, MA 135.6

 Cost of Living in 2005 Tucson, Arizona National Average
 Cost of Living Index 91.1 102.76
 Average Yearly Utility Cost 2477 3250.50
 Average Household Total Consumer Expenditures $32,674 per year $41,554 per year
 Average Household Education Expenditures $588 per year $729 per year
 Average Household Entertainment Expenditures $1,702 per year $2,183 per year
 Average Household Transportation Expenditures $7,025 per year $8,682 per year
 Average Household Retail Expenditures $18,603 per year $24,198 per year
 Average Household Non-RetailExpenditures $13,560 per year $17,353 per year
 Demographics in 2005
 Median Age 31.3 years 37.41 years
 Median Household Income $27,386 $39,727
 Percentage of Single Households 47.4% 44.72%
 Percentage of Married Households 52.6% 55.27%
 Percentage Families (with children) 77.8% 69.28%
 Average Household Size 3.18 people 2.57 people
 Quality of Life in 2005
 Average Winter High Temperature 65.8 degrees 41.18 degrees
 Average Winter Low Temperature 39.1 degrees 22.80 degrees
 Average Summer High Temperature 99.7 degrees 86.46 degrees
 Average Summer Low Temperature 66.0 degrees 62.23 degrees


Corporate Income Tax 9%
Double Weighted Sales Factor? Yes
Unitary Principle Apply? Yes
"Waters Edge" Limitation? Yes
Corporate Franchise Tax None
Inventory Tax None
Business Tax (Employee Tax) None
Retail Sales Tax
State 5%
City 2%
Total 7%
Manufacturing and R&D Equipment Exempt? Yes
Unemployment Insurance Averages 1.81% on 1st $7,000 of Payroll
Commercial Lease Tax
State 2%
City 2%
Total 4% (State portion will be reduced 1% each year until eliminated in 1997).
Real Property Tax Commercial property is assessed at 25% of fair market value. Residential property is assessed at 10% of fairmarket value. Average tax rate is $16 per $100 of assessed value.
Personal Property Tax Assessment ratios and average tax ratesare the same as real property, but, through Accelerated Depreciation, personal property tax is reduced approximately 36%. In addition, all businesses are now allowed a 1% assessment ratio on the 1st $50,000 of personal property.

Health Care

The Greater Tucson area is serviced by 14 hospitals and a medical community comprised of more than 2,000 physicians and over 400 dentists. Tucson has the state's only medical school and is home of the Arizona Cancer Center and the University Medical Center. The Medical Center's transplant program is one of only nine in the nation. Tucson is home to several recognized leading managed health care companies including Intergroup Health Care Corporation and Partners. Two well-known medical related organizations, the Muscular Dystrophy Association and the American Board of Radiology, are headquartered in Tucson.

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The Pepper Group™
Diversified Real Estate
3865 E Via Del Verdemar Tucson, AZ 85718
Tucson Real Estate